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Bibliography Definition The results section is where you report the findings of your study based upon the methodology [or methodologies] you applied to gather information. The results section should state the findings of the research arranged in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation.
A section describing results is particularly necessary if your paper includes data generated from your own research. The Results Section and the Poker Game. Importance of a Good Results Section When formulating the results section, it's important to remember that the results of a study do not prove anything.
Findings can only confirm or reject the hypothesis underpinning your study. However, the act of articulating the results helps you to understand the problem from within, to break it into pieces, and to view the research problem from various perspectives.
The page length of this section is set by the amount and types of data to be reported. Be concise, using non-textual elements appropriately, such as figures and tables, to present findings more effectively.
In deciding what data to describe in your results section, you must clearly distinguish information that would normally be included in a research paper from any raw data or other content that could be included as an appendix. In general, raw data that has not been summarized should not be included in the main text of your paper unless requested to do so by your professor.
Avoid providing data that is not critical to answering the research question. The background information you described in the introduction section should provide the reader with any additional context or explanation needed to understand the results.
A good strategy is to always re-read the background section of your paper after you have written up your results to ensure that the reader has enough context to understand the results [and, later, how you interpreted the results in the discussion section of your paper].
Doing Your Education Research Project. Bates College; Kretchmer, Paul. San Francisco Edit; "Reporting Findings. SAGE Publications, pp. Structure and Writing Style I. Organization and Approach For most research papers in the social and behavioral sciences, there are two possible ways of organizing the results.
Both approaches are appropriate in how you report your findings, but choose only one format to use.
Present a synopsis of the results followed by an explanation of key findings. This approach can be used to highlight important findings.
For example, you may have noticed an unusual correlation between two variables during the analysis of your findings. It is appropriate to point this out in the results section. However, speculating as to why this correlation exists, and offering a hypothesis about what may be happening, belongs in the discussion section of your paper.
Present a result and then explain it, before presenting the next result then explaining it, and so on, then end with an overall synopsis. This is the preferred approach if you have multiple results of equal significance. It is more common in longer papers because it helps the reader to better understand each finding.
In this model, it is helpful to provide a brief conclusion that ties each of the findings together and provides a narrative bridge to the discussion section of the your paper. Just as the literature review should be arranged under conceptual categories rather than systematically describing each source, organize your findings under key themes related to addressing the research problem.
This can be done under either format noted above [i.
Content In general, the content of your results section should include the following: An introductory context for understanding the results by restating the research problem underpinning your study. This is useful in re-orientating the reader's focus back to the research after reading the literature review and your explanation of the methods of data gathering and analysis.
Inclusion of non-textual elements, such as, figures, charts, photos, maps, tables, etc. Rather than relying entirely on descriptive text, consider how your findings can be presented visually.The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Second Language Writing and Research: The Writing Process and Error Analysis in Student Texts. Johanne Myles Queen's University.
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